2 edition of Sale of surplus digester and landfill gas to public utilities found in the catalog.
Sale of surplus digester and landfill gas to public utilities
Cynthia A Cairns
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Center for Environmental Research Information [distributor] in Cincinnati, OH
Written in English
|Statement||Cynthia A. Cairns and Albert B. Pincince|
|Contributions||Pincince, Albert B, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||3 p. ;|
Landfill gas utilization is a process of gathering, processing, and treating the methane or another gas emitted from decomposing garbage to produce electricity, heat, fuels, and various chemical compounds. After fossil fuel and agriculture, landfill gas is the third largest human generated source of universityofthephoenix.comed to CO 2, methane is 25 times more effective as a greenhouse gas. Sep 18, · Flaring gas, biogas, digester gas and landfill gas, is a viable way to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and thermal mass flow meters provide an improved method to measure flow to the flare. To recap our flare gas measurement series, in Improved Method for Measuring Flare Gas we discuss measuring flare flow using thermal mass flow meters.
MONITOR LANDFILL GAS, DIGESTER GAS & BIOGAS LANDFILL GAS FLOW MONITORING Measuring the Landfill Gas Directly From The Ground There are over waste disposal landfill sites throughout the universityofthephoenix.com owners or lessees of these sites must know what quan - tity of gas is coming out of the well universityofthephoenix.comlly, the landfill gas is. Public Utilities Department Adopted by Board of Public Utilities: February 15, Board Resolution No the Utility shall retain any Net Surplus Energy generated by the Net Surplus Customer Generator, including any associated digester gas, municipal solid waste conversion, landfill gas, ocean wave, ocean thermal, or tidal.
– Signed PPAs for surplus electricity. 6. Biomass Program started ~ 5 years ago Animal manure Food waste Grease waste Green waste Urban, forest, and agricultural woody materials Mature technologies Anaerobic digesters Gasifiers Landfill gas recovery Biogas clean-up technologies Local jobs: project construction, project maintenance, etc. Landfill gas is produced by wet organic waste decomposing under anaerobic conditions in a biogas. The waste is covered and mechanically compressed by the weight of the material that is deposited above. This material prevents oxygen exposure thus allowing anaerobic microbes to thrive.
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Get this from a library. Sale of surplus digester and landfill gas to public utilities. [Cynthia A Cairns; Albert B Pincince; Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory.].
Methane gas produced by anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge can be upgraded to pipeline quality and sold to a public utility for injection into a natural gas distribution system.
In Ontario, every natural gas, propane, digester gas, landfill gas, biogas or fuel oil fuelled appliance that is offered for sale, sold, rented, bought or installed must be approved.
There are two forms of approval: 1. Certified as complying with an approved standard or test report by a testing agency.
Alternatives – Clean Natural Gas Sale Option 1: Public / Private Partnership – Gas cleaning system ($ million) provided by private company – City pays electrical costs – City and private company split revenue of gas sale JPWWTP Revenue from Pipeline Sale $0 $5, $10, $15, $20, $25, J a y Feb a r M a r c h Ap il y Ju n e J A us t Se p te m be r.
Clause is revoked and the following is substituted for it: This Code applies to piping systems in which the maximum operating pressures for piping used in digester systems, landfill gas systems, or biogas systems do not exceed psig ( kPa) for piping installed outdoors or 66 psig ( kPa) for piping installed indoors.
Indexed sales contracts use natural gas prices to determine the value of the LFG. Normally, the “city gate price” of natural gas is used, which is the price paid by the local natural gas utility and can vary by region.
In some cases, price incentives result in discounts to a market price for natural gas. Title: Revised 33 Percent RPS Compliance Report - BVES and CalPeco - Subject Officer Verification () 36 Month Retirement () 36 Month Retirement () 36 Month Retirement () 36 Month Retirement () 36 Month Retirement RECs Retired to meet PQR Procurement Detail Accounting 33% RPS Progress Summary First Compliance Period Summary Title Page BEFORE THE PUBLIC UTILITIES.
Approximately million tons of MSW were generated in the United States inwith less than 53 percent of that deposited in landfills. One million tons of MSW produces roughly cubic feet per minute (cfm) of LFG and continues to produce LFG for as many as 20 to 30 years after it has been landfilled. Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) refers to either: the anaerobic digestion of “black bag or mixed waste” where no source separated or kerbside recycling is in-place.
In which case the “Dry Anaerobic Digestion” process can be used to reduce the organic activity of the waste, and generate some useful biogas, before it is [ ]. Jan 11, · Municipal Wastewater Treatment Achieves Surplus Anaerobic Digestion Energy Production Municipalities, like the East Bay Municipal Utility District in Northern California, realized that in the course of treating wastewater from households, farms and food processing facilities, they could add a step to produce some of their own energy.
Next Phase of SnoPUD’s Arlington Microgrid Moves Forward February 11, Construction on Clean Energy Technology Center recently broke ground. (3) Sale or transmission to an electrical corporation or state or local public agency.
(d) “Electrical corporation” does not include a corporation or person employing digester gas technology for the generation of electricity for any one or more of the following purposes.
Environment Agency Guidance on Landfill Gas Flaring Version 3 Preface Techniques for the combustion of landfill gas have undergone many changes over the last 15 years. From the initial pipe-flares of the early s where vertical tubes were simply forced into the surface of a site and the emitting landfill gas lit with a burning oily.
Digester Gas, Ocean Wave, Ocean Thermal, Tidal Current, PV and Solar Thermal Electric and Fuel Cells: A generation facility that utilizes solely digester gas, ocean wave, ocean thermal or tidal current resources is eligible for SMUD’s RPS.
Pipeline sales Biogas can be sold to utilities or private pipeline gas suppliers, but must have low HzS and water levels ( ppm and mg liter-~, respectively)8 and low CO2 and N2 levels in order to provide an energy content of greater than 36 kJ m Biogas, particularly landfill gases, may also contain trace organic elements that are not acceptable to the local natural gas utility for purchase, and Cited by: Digester Gas Power Distributed Generation Energy Fuel Cell Power.
Material, Equipment, Supplies (cont’d) 9-Renewable Power (cont’d) Geothermal Power Landfill Gas Power MSW Conversion Power Ocean Thermal Power Ocean Wave Power Photovoltaic Power Scrap Sales Surplus, Transformer Oil Surplus, Transformers-substation/power Surplus.
In fact, some of the Public Utilities facilities produce enough energy to operate the facilities and still sell excess energy back to SDG&E to generate revenue. Public Utilities facilities, along with private partners, utilize a number of energy sources to generate energy, including digester gas, landfill gas, bio methane 57%.
(3) A person burning landfill gas or sewage digester gas, or who is subject to paragraph (c)(4) of this rule may use an alternative monitoring method, in lieu of the requirements in paragraphs (d)(1) and (d)(2), that ensures compliance with the daily total sulfur content limitation as specified in Table 1.
Digester Gas Boiler Burners for Wastewater Treatment Plants and Landfill Systems. Digester gas is a source of free energy that can greatly reduce operating costs for wastewater treatment facilities, landfills or stockyards. As the cost of natural gas and other fuel alternatives continues to soar, more facilities are under increasing pressure.
Sale of surplus digester and landfill gas to public utilities Technical Report Cairns, C.A. ; Pincince, A.B. Methane gas produced by anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge can be upgraded to pipeline quality and sold to a public utility for injection into a natural gas distribution system.
RPS program is codified in Public Utilities Code (“PUC”) sections SB2- Landfill gas. Solar thermal electric ; Digester gas. Municipal solid waste ; Wind. addition of any renewable energy resources would have created additional surplus energy. CEU has recently increased its retail sales and expects to have unmet energy.Maryland Public Utility Companies Section Article - Public Utility Companies § (a) In this article the following words have the meanings indicated.
(b) (1) "Aggregator" means an entity or an individual that acts on behalf of a customer to purchase electricity or gas.landfill gas-to-energy Companies Energy Systems Group ENERGY SYSTEMS GROUP (ESG) is an award-winning energy services company that provides sustainable energy solutions which allow building owners to maximize their energy efficiency and operational performance, while .